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FIJI EMPIRE
FIJI DEMOGRAPHICS

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Area: 18,376 sq. km. (7,056 sq. mi.); about the size of Massachusetts

Cities (all on the main island of Viti Levu): Capital--Suva (1986 pop. 69,665), Lautoka (28,728), Nadi, Ba, Nausori.

Population Distribution (End-1986 census): Rural: 61.3%, Urban: 38.7%.

Terrain: Varied.

Climate: Tropical maritime

People
 
Nationality: Noun and adjective-- Fiji citizen(s)
 
Population: 772,891.
 
Annual Growth Rate: 1.16%.
 
Ethnic Groups: Fijian 49%, Indian 46%, others (including mixed-race, Europeans, Chinese, and other Pacific Islanders) 5%.
 
Religions: Christian (52%), Hindu (38%), Muslim (8%).
 
Languages: English (official), Fijian, Hindustani.
 
Education: Primary and Secondary schooling 86%.
 
Literacy rate: 87%
 
Health: Infant mortality rate (1994 est.): 18.1/1000. Life Expectancy (1995 est.): 63 years male, 68 years female.
 
Work Force: 264,000
 
Economy: Agriculture 59%, Industry 36%.
 
 

Government

Type:

Parliamentary democracy.

Constitution:

July 25, 1990.

Independence:

October 10, 1970.

Branches:

Executive--President (chief of state); Prime Minister (head of government), Cabinet. Legislative: Parliament: Lower House--70 elected seats (indigenous Fijians-37, Indians-27, Rotumans-1, others-5). Senate--34 appointed seats (indigenous Fijians-24, Rotumans-1, others-9). Judicial: Magistrates' Courts, High Court, Court of Appeals, Supreme Court.

Administrative subdivisions:

4 divisions, 14 provinces, 1 dependency.

Political Parties:

Fijian Political Party, Fiji Labour Party, National Federation Party, Fijian Association Party, Fijian Nationalist Party, General Electors Association, General Voters Party.

Suffrage:

Universal at 18.

Economy

Industry:

Sugar refining, tourism, garment manufacturing, gold, fishing, lumber, small manufacturing/assembly industries.

Trade (1995):

Exports--$869.9 million: sugar, gold, copra and fish.
Imports--$1218.9 million: fuels, machinery, manufactured goods, chemical and food.

Major partners:

Australia, New Zealand, U.S., Japan, Taiwan, Singapore.

Official exchange rate (13 Mar 1996):

US$1.00=F$1.41.

Bilateral economic aid received (includes technical assistance):

Principal bilateral aid donors--Australia (FY92/93 $9.7 million), Japan (CY92 $16.2 million), France (CY93 $.4 million--does not include attribution from $1.4 million regional assistance), New Zealand (FY92/93 $2.8 million), United Kingdom (FY92/93 $2.8 million), United States (FY93 $1.5 million).

Multilateral aid donors:

UNDP ($3.5 million), other UN ($10.3 million), IBRD ($5.1 million).

 

 

 
 

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FIJI HISTORY